American Society of Addiciton Medicine

Teach It: Addiction Treatment Workforce

National Advocacy

Teach It: Addiction Treatment Workforce

Our nation needs a stronger addiction treatment workforce to serve the needs of the millions of Americans living with addiction.

Investments in the addiction specialist physician workforce are long overdue. While Addiction Psychiatry is a subspecialty that has been available as a career choice for board certified psychiatrists since 1994, Addiction Medicine was first recognized as an American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) subspecialty in 2016, and it is racing to catch up with other medical specialties and subspecialties in terms of teaching and training opportunities.

National Initiatives



Resident Physician Shortage Reduction Act of 2021

S.834, the Resident Physician Shortage Reduction Act of 2021, would gradually raise the number of Medicare-supported GME positions by 2,000 per year for seven years, for a total of 14,000 new slots. A share of these positions would be targeted to hospitals with diverse needs including hospitals in rural areas, hospitals serving patients from health professional shortage areas (HPSAs), hospitals in states with new medical schools or branch campuses, and hospitals already training over their caps.


Opioid Workforce Act (S. 1438) / Substance Use Disorder Workforce Act (HR 3441)

This legislation would create 1,000 additional residency positions over five years to hospitals with addiction medicine, addiction psychiatry, or pain management programs.


Mental and Substance Use Disorders Workforce Training Demonstration Program

This program was authorized in the 21st Century CURES Act of 2016. For Fiscal Year 2022, Congress appropriated $31.7 million for this program for grants to support, among other things, training in addiction medicine and addiction psychiatry to help underserved communities. ASAM is advocating for Congress to continue appropriations for this vital program for Fiscal Year 2023. This program houses the Addiction Medicine Fellowship (AMF) Program which expands the number of fellows at accredited AMF and addiction psychiatry fellowship programs who work in underserved, community-based settings that integrate primary care with mental health and substance use disorder prevention and treatment services.


Substance Use Disorder Treatment and Recovery Loan Repayment Program (STAR-LRP)

Established in 2018 by the landmark SUPPORT for Patients and Communities Act , STAR-LRP helps people repay their student loans if they pursue full-time substance use disorder treatment jobs in high-need geographic areas. On June 8, 2021, the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) launched the program.  ASAM is advocating for Congress to appropriate at least $50 million for this program in Fiscal Year 2023. 



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